How much you eat may very well determine how long you live. In a report issued by Roderick Bronson and Ruth Lipman of the Human Nutrition Research Center at Tufts University in Boston, reducing your normal intake of food by 40% yields a 20% longer life span. Eating less does three things:
- Reduces DNA damage
- Increases DNA repair and
- Reduces free radical genetic mutations
Free radical mutations are the result of the metabolic process of breaking down what we eat and transforming it into energy used by mitochondria (energy power plants inside each cell). When we eat, this metabolic process creates free radicals. Free radicals are the waste byproduct of metabolizing food. So, the less you eat, the less free radical waste you create.